Valuation Methods, Approaches, and Analysis

Managing Time-Sensitive Engagements

Have you ever accepted a time-sensitive business valuation project then spent many late nights finishing the engagement? These suggestions may help your effectiveness: Assess the risks. Time-sensitive engagements tend to elevate risks. Make sure the project is worth the risks that will be assumed to complete it and that the

Smart Stops on the Web

BUSINESS VALUATION BURNING BV QUESTIONS www.go-iba.org/blog This site from the Institute of Business Appraisers hosts a discussion group between its members and Rand M. Curtiss, FIBA, MCBA, ASA, chairman of the American Business Appraisers National Network. Its question-and-answer format covers a range of topics relating to the appraisal of closely

Intangible Value: Delineating Between Shades of Gray

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Intangible assets are a big part of contemporary business, and many executives think innovation and related intangible assets now represent the principal basis for growth. CPA/ABVs and CFOs need to be able to value intangible assets for reasons that include the sale of a business, financial reporting, litigation,

Highlights

HIGHLIGHTS With FASB affirming its implementation date for FIN 48, several organizations, including the AICPA and FASB itself, are producing educational materials or additional guidance to help issuers comply with its new requirements for recognizing and measuring tax assets and liabilities. FASB Interpretation no. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income

Highlights

The PCAOB proposed a standard, An Audit of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting That Is Integrated With an Audit of Financial Statements, to replace PCAOB Audit Standard no. 2 (AS2). The proposal is designed to focus audits on the matters most significant to internal control, eliminate unnecessary procedures, simplify the

Valuing Preferred Stock

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Preferred stock—a class of ownership with priority over common stock— once was issued mainly by large companies but now is common in small to midsize privately held companies, too. CPA/ABVs may be engaged to value preferred stock (also called preferred shares) to assist with capitalization of a company,

Highlights

HIGHLIGHTS The SEC enhanced the Internet-based search capability of its EDGAR database of company filings. Users now can search the contents of disclosure documents with a full-text search tool. The newly searchable information includes registration statements, annual and quarterly reports and other filings by companies and mutual funds during the

Alternative Dispute Resolution: Collaborative Law Works

Is having an opponent our way of life? Is litigation an efficient and responsible means of resolving disagreements? Is advocating for a client, to the detriment of the “other” side, acceptable? Or, is there a recipe for peaceful resolution of differences? What if the disagreeing parties agree to engage in

BV Engagement Research

Gathering data is a key element of a business valuation analysis—and you must assemble enough to analyze your subject company from all sides. Client data. Once you’ve gathered the audits, the tax returns, the business descriptions and marketing materials, you will realize—with apologies to Joni Mitchell—that “you’ve looked at the

Commitments to Private Equity

Note : Includes venture capital, LBO, mezzanine, turnaround and recapitalization-focused funds. Source: Thomson Venture Economics/National Venture Capital Association; Goldman Sachs for 2005 buyout data. Determining fair value requires managers to exercise judgment. While each manager’s judgment may result in different but supportable views on valuation, using common guidelines consistent with

Fair Value: Challenges to the Private Equity Industry

The private equity (PE) market (including venture capital, buy-out, mezzanine and similar longer-term, illiquid investments) has expanded exponentially over the past 10 years. U.S. GAAP requires private equity (PE) investments be stated at fair value. Given the nuances inherent in PE, there can be significant challenges in determining the fair

Alternative Routes to the ABV

In just a few short years “CPA/ABV” has become synonymous with competent, credible valuation service. The market recognizes practitioners with the credential as leaders in the valuation community. The AICPA’s new ABV Sponsor Program allows CPAs to obtain the ABV credential without taking the ABV examination. The CPA must be

Collaborative Divorce: Better for Everyone

When it comes to divorce, emotions and the desire to be litigious often run high. The toll on a divorcing family is both emotional and financial—and it can be devastating to both children and parents. An alternative to litigation in family breakups is called “collaborative divorce,” a process begun by

A Fast-Moving Practice Niche

Business valuation (BV) and forensic & litigation services (FLS) are the fastest-growing niche markets in the CPA profession. This special section highlights these niche practices and the issues practitioners are facing. CPAs looking for additional technical and practice management guidance on BV and FLS topics also can visit the AICPA’s

Fraud: "Elementary, My Dear Watson"

The founder and chairman of the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, Joseph Wells, wrote an insightful series, The Fraud Beat, for the JofA on the basics of fraud investigation in small businesses. “Sherlock Holmes, CPA,” ( www.aicpa.org/pubs/jofa/aug2003/wells.htm and www.aicpa.org/pubs/jofa/sep2003/wells.htm ) explains what it takes to gather evidence, interview witnesses and

A BV/FLS Profile

What is the primary focus of your practice? What is the size of your practice? Note : Multiple answers permitted. Source: December 2005 AICPA BV/FLS Membership Section survey. Practitioners can obtain guidance from many sources. The AICPA is currently developing valuation standards for its members; the other organizations already publish

Discovery: Retrieving Electronic Documents

Electronic evidence often can provide vital information about the activities, motives and intent of individuals and businesses. Electronic documents thought to be deleted or lost by the user often can be recovered. In the case of electronic mail, casual and candid correspondence may be frozen in time. Additionally, the background

Fraud: Small Business Clients at Risk

Small businesses are the most vulnerable to occupational fraud and abuse and suffer disproportionately larger losses as a result, according to the 2004 “Report to the Nation on Occupational Fraud and Abuse” prepared by the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners. Compounding the problem, small businesses are less likely to have

Tips for Starting a BV Practice

Business valuation is not an area of accounting to be entered into lightly. Statistics show there are many litigation claims against CPAs in the valuation area, mostly due to a misunderstanding of what services the CPA was to perform as part of the engagement and the CPA’s lack of formal

The Valuation Landscape

Business valuation is a relatively new discipline. Financial valuation—the process of determining the value of a financial asset or liability—belonged first to those on Wall Street who focused on trading securities; the concept of business valuation, or valuing private companies, arrived on Main Street about 25 years ago by entering

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Using drones to enhance audits

Hermann Sidhu, CPA, global assurance digital leader at EY, walks us through EY’s exciting new project to use drones to help audit large warehouses and outdoor inventories.