Peer review


For news from the AICPA and state societies, visit, which also offers online CPE, AICPA professional literature, practice management aids and links to state society Web sites. BANKING The FDIC reported that profits at commercial banks and savings institutions declined 3.4% from year-earlier levels in the second quarter of

Enhancing Public Confidence: The GAO’s Peer Review Experience

Origin and Mission The GAO is part of the legislative branch of the federal government and thus is independent of the executive branch. Congress established the GAO in 1921 to investigate all matters relating to the receipt, disbursement and application of public funds. Since then, Congress has expanded the GAO’s

Peer Review Is Stronger and Better Now

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY THE AICPA REVISED ITS STANDARDS for performing and reporting on peer reviews for firms that do not audit SEC registrants. The revised standards, effective for reviews commencing on or after January 1, 2005, will enhance the quality of peer reviews and increase the usefulness of peer review reports

Renewing a Great Profession

Robert L. Bunting, CPA, became chairman of the AICPA board of directors in October 2004. His acceptance speech, delivered at the Institute’s annual meeting, appears in these pages. A JofA interview with him appeared in the November issue (see “ Managing Change ,” page 27). n preparation for the coming

Increasing Transparency in Peer Review: Members Speak Out

At its spring 2004 meeting, the AICPA’s governing council approved a resolution in support of increased transparency in the peer review process. It also authorized a member awareness program to inform members about peer review and the related transparency issues and to assess their desire for greater transparency. Two principal

Make Strategic Relationships a Success

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY FOR ALL BUSINESSES, THE NUMBER of strategic relationships has been growing 25% per year since 1985. A FIRM'S FIRST STEP TOWARD a strategic alliance is to decide what capabilities it wants to add. Then it should decide what it wants to achieve: Does the firm wish to increase

Day Trading Debate Continues

After noting the inconsistencies between two articles in the JofA, Oct.00, “Paying the Piper: Some Tax Rules for Day Traders” (page 115) and “Being a Trader in Securities” (page 118), I read with interest the clarification “Day Trading and Self-Employment Taxes” ( JofA , Jan.01, page 80). While researching the

Auditing Employment Benefit Plans—Another Factor.

“ERISA Liability for CPAs” ( JofA , Dec.00, page 39) pointed out the delicate issues surrounding employee benefit plans. However, the article did not mention one potential problem area our firm has encountered in auditing such plans—companies’ use of third-party administrators (TPAs). TPAs handle the day-to-day transactions and final plan-year

You Read About It First in the JofA

The recently issued SAS no. 93, Omnibus Statement on Auditing Standards—2000 ( JofA , Jan.01, pages 14 and 116), specifies the auditor’s report should indicate which country’s accounting principles and auditing standards were used to prepare the financial statements and audit them. This reference to the country of origin will

More on Day Trading

I believe I can offer a very clear and concise method the courts could take in the day trading arena ( “Day Trading and Self-Employment Taxes” [ JofA , Jan.01, page 80] ). Since the primary question is what constitutes a trade or business, that determination could be made based

The Value of Tax Practice Peer Reviews

I believe fellow tax practitioners need to take a close look at their own practices and that all CPAs should take to heart “Tax Practice Reviews” ( JofA , Dec.00, page 88 ). The article pointed out some important benefits of the tax practice review but did not highlight the

An End to the Plain-Paper Debate?

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY THE AICPA ACCOUNTING AND REVIEW SERVICES committee concluded more than 20 years of debate by issuing Statement on Standards for Accounting and Review Services no. 8, Amendment to Statement on Standards for Accounting and Review Services No. 1, Compilation and Review of Financial Statements in October 2000. EFFECTIVE

Peer Review For Small Firms

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY THE AICPA REVISED ITS STANDARDS FOR PERFORMING and reporting on peer reviews for firms that do not audit SEC registrants. The new rules, which become effective January 1, 2001, are designed to improve the quality of financial reporting and to protect members of the public that use and

Independence Standards Course Offered on CD-ROM

The AICPA is introducing Independence, a CD-ROM CPE course that reviews the Institute’s authoritative literature on independence standards, including newly issued SECPS requirements; SEC independence regulations; and Independence Standards Board standards. The six-hour interactive course features testing and review modules, an extensive reference section, a glossary of key terms, links

SECPS to Strengthen Peer Review Process

The SEC practice section peer review process task force has issued a report containing recommendations to strengthen the peer review process to help it keep pace with changes in the accounting profession. Mike Conway, chairman of the SECPS executive committee, which approved the task force’s proposals after they were made

New AICPA Credential Focuses on IT-Savvy CPAs

The AICPA is introducing the certified information technology professional (CITP) designation, which recognizes CPAs who can provide skilled advice on using IT to implement business strategy. The Institute will begin accepting applications for CITP certification July 1, 2000. At its fall meeting, the AICPA governing council approved the designation, which

International Associations

There are more than 130 associations of accounting firms, 30 of which are international. However, fewer than 1,000 U.S. firms belong to some kind of accounting association. David Albrecht, professor of accounting, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio. he world is our horizon! How can we—a midsize accounting firm

A Common Peer Review Problem

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AICPA STANDARDS CLEARLY STATE procedures for confirmation of accounts receivable. Nevertheless, and despite an auditing procedure study, peer reviews continue to find that CPA firms have problems understanding the various processes. RECEIVABLE CONFIRMATIONS ARE NOT ALWAYS required if accounts receivable are immaterial, the use of confirmations would be

A Refresher Course in Peer Review

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY THE MORE THAT FIRMS know about peer review, the easier the process will be. COMMON MYTHS ABOUT THE PROCESS include that checklists are required, that firms must create elaborate quality control documents and that a firm has no say in the selection of the reviewer. And more than


Get your clients ready for tax season

Upon its enactment in March, the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) introduced many new tax changes, some of which retroactively affected 2020 returns. Making the right moves now can help you mitigate any surprises heading into 2022.


Black CPA Centennial, 1921–2021

With 2021 marking the 100th anniversary of the first Black licensed CPA in the United States, a yearlong campaign kicked off to recognize the nation’s Black CPAs and encourage greater progress in diversity, inclusion, and equity in the CPA profession.