The AICPA’s Auditing Standards Board issued Statement of Position (SOP) 09-1, Performing Agreed-Upon Procedures Engagements That Address the Completeness, Accuracy, or Consistency of XBRL-Tagged Data. This interpretative SOP, drafted with the assistance of the XBRL Assurance Task Force of the AICPA Assurance Services Executive Committee, provides guidance regarding the application of Statements on Standards for Attestation Engagements—attestation standards established by the AICPA—to engagements in which a practitioner performs and reports on agreed-upon procedures related to the completeness, accuracy or consistency of XBRL-tagged data. SOP 09-1 was effective immediately.



  The AICPA is seeking comments by Aug. 31 on proposed Statement on Auditing Standards, External Confirmations. The proposed SAS would supersede SAS no. 67, The Confirmation Process (AICPA, Professional Standards, vol. 1, AU sec. 330). It represents the redrafting of SAS no. 67 to apply the Auditing Standards Board’s clarity drafting conventions and to converge with International Standards on Auditing (ISAs).


The proposed SAS, available at, is not expected to change practice significantly, but the ASB believes the most significant changes to existing standards are as follows:


  • The addition of application material to the proposed SAS regarding the use of oral responses to confirmation requests as audit evidence.
  • The definition of confirmation has been changed, as discussed in the “Issues for Consideration” section.
  • Paragraphs 8 and 9 of the proposed SAS address the responsibilities of the auditor when management refuses to allow the auditor to send a confirmation request. These responsibilities include communicating with those charged with governance if the auditor concludes that management’s refusal is unreasonable, or the auditor is unable to obtain relevant and reliable audit evidence from alternative audit procedures. These procedures are not currently required by AU section 330.


Year-end tax planning and what’s new for 2016

Practitioners need to consider several tax planning opportunities to review with their clients before the end of the year. This report offers strategies for individuals and businesses, as well as recent federal tax law changes affecting this year’s tax returns.


News quiz: Retirement planning, tax practice, and fraud risk

Recent reports focused on a survey that gauges the worries about retirement among CPA financial planners’ clients, a suit that affects tax practitioners, and a guide that offers advice on fraud risk. See how much you know with this short quiz.


Bolster your data defenses

As you weather the dog days of summer, it’s a good time to make sure your cybersecurity structure can stand up to the heat of external and internal threats. Here are six steps to help shore up your systems.